Hinduism is one of the most geographically concentrated of the major world religions—of the world's 1.12 billion Hindus, 1.07 billion live in India and Nepal. In Buddhism it is an individual quest at being free from desire. For decades, Martin Marty has been watching developments that are now the stuff of daily headlines: the rise of religious fundamentalism across the world, the decline of the Protestant majority in American culture, … The vast majority of Hindus live in India; most others live in Nepal, Sri Lanka, and Southeast Asia (Hackett 2015). November 2, 2006. Most of the world religions place an individual on their own, striving for spiritual perfection. The broad idea that a shared faith serves the needs of a society is known as the functionalist view of religion. KRISTA TIPPETT, HOST: I’m Krista Tippett, today a conversation about religion in America, with one of the great public theologians of our time, Martin Marty. Learn more» Buddhism Religious liberty is more a question of the right to public association, public expression, and public activity than it is about private opinions or personal decisions. Globalization refers to the historical process by which all the world's people increasingly come to live in a single social unit. The profane is the opposite of the sacred. religion became clear, and this prepared the way for more modern developments that paved way for Pentecostalism, Spiritism sects, etc. In Hinduism a person is on their own trying to gain release from karma. GLOBALIZATION AND RELIGION GLOBALIZATION AND RELIGION . The sheer number of practitioners, however, makes Hinduism the world's third largest religion. This analysis, updated on Oct. 3, 2019, was originally published in 2007 as part of a larger series that explored different aspects of the complex and fluid relationship between government and religion. Judaism, Christianity, Islam (Semitic religions), Hinduism and Buddhism; Confucianism, Taoism and Shinto (Chinese-Japanese religions) etc. It implicates religion and religions in several ways. However, for those aspiring to leadership in the 21st century, knowledge of the religions of the world from a nonconfessional perspective is not a luxury but a necessity. 2.3 Science and religion in Hinduism. From religious or theological perspectives, globalization calls forth religious response and interpretation. In New Age a person is working at their own divinity. The sacred defines the world of reality, which is the basis for all meaningful forms and behaviours in the society. Yet, comparisons between religious America and secular Europe, or the evidence seen in the enormous variety of religious revivals, religious conflicts, and religious interventions in politics around the world, all make clear that within the same secular immanent frame one can encounter very diverse religious dynamics. Study of the variety of religious traditions around the world makes it abundantly clear that different people operate under different assumptions about the way the world works. are examples of the great religions of the world. Thereafter it became the dominant religion on the Indian subcontinent. Many modern students of religion agree. Hinduism, the world’s third largest religion, includes diverse religious and philosophical traditions that emerged on the Indian subcontinent between 500 BCE and 300 CE. About this report. Meaning of Religion: Religion is concerned with the shared beliefs and practices of human beings. 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