Unscrupulous dealers, however, have tried to sell other plastic items as authentic Bakelite. ): stiftung-nrw.de: Deutsches Bakelit-, Deutsches Duroplastmuseum, Bakelit im MAK : „Material der 1.000 Möglichkeiten“, https://de.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Bakelit&oldid=204871642, „Creative Commons Attribution/Share Alike“. Nach dem Auslaufen des „Druck-Wärme“-Patents im Jahr 1927 verbreitete sich die Produktionsweise schnell – in den 1930er Jahren gab es bereits mehrere hundert Presswerke und Hersteller von Phenolharzpressmassen in Deutschland. Once having a … History is shaped by the materials we develop and use. Dr. Baekeland patented this early form of plastic and started his own Bakelite corporation around 1910 to market it to heavy industry and automobile manufacturers. 1948 wurde dort der VEB Plasta Erkner gegründet. Durch viele weitere derartige Kondensationsreaktionen entsteht schließlich Bakelit, ein vernetztes Makromolekül. Bakelite is made from carbolic acid (phenol) and formaldehyde and is referred to as a phenolic resin. Plainly speaking, it’s plastic. What is bakelite? Bakelite is an early polymer, comprised of a phenol-formaldehyde mixture, with Phenol being derived from coal tar, and Formaldehyde derived from methanol. of Ghent, 1882. Bakelite (bā`kəlīt) [for its inventor, L. H. Baekeland Baekeland, Leo Hendrik, 1863–1944, American chemist, b. Belgium, grad. Bakelite, trademark of phenol-formaldehyde resin, trademarked synthetic resin invented in 1907 by Belgian-born American chemist Leo Hendrik Baekeland. Es trieb möglicherweise 60 Jahre im Müllstrudel des Pazifik, bevor es von einem Laysanalbatros verschluckt wurde.[7]. Collectors today prize it for its patina and its versatility. A trademark for any of a group of synthetic resins and plastics found in a variety of manufactured articles. Centuries later the Iron Age introduced iron as the material of choice. Phone made of Bakelite can we come to know how to make/prepare the bakelite rods/block ?. Can anyone give us a sure fire way of producing Bakelite safely in school? Hence having to clean the metal polish as soon as possible! If it gives off a formaldehyde smell, it is Bakelite. Thanks! It still refers to these materials but is frequently used as a generic name for phenol formaldehyde (Phenolic). Bakelit ist auch sehr langlebig. Bakelite was the first thermosetting plastic. Bakelite powder is obtained by mixing phenolic resin with sawdust, talc powder (filler), Urotropine (curing agent), stearic acid (lubricant), pigments and cooling in a mixer. Nach Abdestillationdes entstehenden Wassers lässt sich die noch weiche warme Masse in Formen pressen (… Februar 1909 stellte Baekeland seine Entdeckung im New Yorker Club der Chemiker an der 55. Bakelite is a plastic that is used for making many products, ranging from telephones, electrical gadgets, jewelry, to saucepan handles. We're trying to make bakelite in school. Die eingetragenen Marken gehören der Hexion GmbH. Includes exhibits, slide show, handouts and much much more.. please contact me for full details, see below .. many people have already enjoyed the fun world of Bakelite... these include the Havering Antiques and Collectors Club, The Yorkshire Clarice Cliff Group and Ann Zierold Art Deco Fairs just to name a few !! Bakelite’s legacy is a world where synthetic plastics surround us: from medical implants to space shuttles, we have now become dependent on these synthetic materials. wide-ranging curiosity about a variety of arcane topics. Phenolharze neigen zum Nachdunkeln und sind daher meist dunkelbraun oder schwarz eingefärbt. Im Museum für angewandte Kunst (MAK) zeigt die Ausstellung Bakelit. Amber Bakelite: Is the reproduction of true amber in a celluloid plastic: Plastics in some form or other have been used in jewelry for many years. Ähnliche Werkstoffe werden als Hitzeschild eingesetzt. In 1889 he emigrated to the United States. Warm water and a soft soap is your friend here. Jahrhunderts mit Phenol und Formaldehyd. 1976 kam das Werk Frielendorf bei Kassel (ehemals Hoechst AG) hinzu. Headphones, phone cases, instrument cases, etc., the name "bakelite". Bakelite plastic jewellery is, unfortunately, very easy to harm. The value of Lucite jewelry ranges anywhere from $3 to $250, depending on rarity, beauty, type of piece and design. Ultimately, Bakelite-Catalin's labor-intensive process proved to be its undoing. Die Eigner verlegten den Firmensitz nach Letmathe bei Iserlohn in die Westzone. 1957 begann die Phenolharz-Produktion in Duisburg-Meiderich, wo seit 1959 auch Epoxidharze produziert werden. These plastics have inspired fashion designers to do more with less: more fabric choices, more creativity, and more durability, coupled often with less material, less weight, fewer wrinkles, and less expense. Formteile aus diesem Kunststoff werden durch Formpressen und Aushärten eines Phenolharz-Füllstoff-Gemisches in einer beheizten Form hergestellt. Today, objects made from Bakelite are considered highly collectible, although in its glory days of the 1930s and 1940s, it was seen as an inexpensive alternative to high-end jewelry materials such as jade and pearl. Today, objects made from Bakelite are considered highly collectible, although in its glory days of the 1930s and 1940s, it was seen as an inexpensive alternative to high-end jewelry materials such as jade and pearl. We have a recipe but it isn't working! Bakelite is a trade name taken from its inventor, Leo Baekeland, who invented Bakelite in 1907. Thermosetting phenolic plastics were obtained by cooling and pressing bakelite powder in the mould. A regular wiseGEEK contributor, Michael enjoys doing research in order to satisfy his Diese Seite wurde zuletzt am 25. Nach dem Zweiten Weltkrieg wurde das Bakelit-Werk in Erkner demontiert und verstaatlicht. If the pin melts the object but no formaldehyde/burnt hair odor is detected, it is most likely an imitation. Oktober 2020 um 11:29 Uhr bearbeitet. Nach dem Entfernen des entstehenden Wassers lässt sich die noch weiche warme Masse (Pressmasse) in Formen pressen und durch Wärme und Druck härten. I would like to know how I can make the bakelite stiffer and more durable. Widely considered the first synthetic plastic, Bakelite items are a hot commodity today among collectors of vintage jewelry and mechanical parts. Reppel & Vollmann („Revolit“-Produkte).[12]. One test for authenticity is called the hot pin test. Ende April 2005 wurde die Bakelite AG von Borden Chemical Inc. mit Sitz in Ohio gekauft, welche wiederum die zwei Geschäftsbereiche Resolution Performance Products LLC und Resolution Specialty Materials LLC zu der Hexion Specialty Chemicals Inc. fusionierte. Nach dem Abkühlen und der Aushärtung des Kunststoffes ist dieser widerstandsfähig gegen mechanische Einwirkungen, Hitze und Säuren. Mai 1910, zusammen mit den RÜTGERS-Werken, die Bakelite GmbH in Erkner bei Berlin.[5]. Bakelite synonyms, Bakelite pronunciation, Bakelite translation, English dictionary definition of Bakelite. It was also used to form billiard balls and as decorative handles for flatware and hand-held mirrors. Anything stronger could risk discolouring the item. Dr. Baekeland spent several years working on a durable coating for the lanes of bowling alleys, similar to today's protective polyurethane floor sealants. Bakelite can also be tested using the “hot water” method. MY BAKELITE LECTURE/TALK is now available !!! He combined carbolic acid and formaldehyde to form phenolic resin. That means once a Bakelite product is formed, it will not change shape or melt under heat. [1], Am 5. Produkte aus Bakelit sind wegen ihres Designs und ihrer Bedeutung für die Alltagskultur und die Industriegeschichte vielfach gesuchte Sammlerstücke. Or can you direct me to a good source for this information? I have a college assignment on it. [1], Baekeland experimentierte Anfang des 20. The introduction of Bakelitethe worlds first synthetic plasticin 1907 marked the introduction of the Polymer Age. Bakelite products were not often mass-produced through an injection mold process. [6] Bakelite was the first truly synthetic, as well as the first commercially produced, synthetic resin. Malena teaches you a thing or two about bakelite. [2], Unter dem Namen Bakelit wurde der erste vollsynthetische, industriell produzierte Kunststoff[3] hergestellt und vermarktet, der 1905 vom belgischen Chemiker Leo Hendrik Baekeland entwickelt und nach ihm benannt wurde. Der duroplastische Kunststoff ist ein Phenoplast auf der Basis von Phenol und Formaldehyd. [10][11], 2003 wurde in Kierspe ein Bakelit-Museum eröffnet. He founded (1893) and conducted, until 1899, when he sold the rights to Eastman, a company for producing a photographic paper of his own Im Zweiten Weltkrieg verlor wahrscheinlich die U.S. Navy ein Bauteil aus Bakelit mit der Aufschrift VP-101. See more. Hans-Dieter Jakubke, Ruth Karcher (Hrsg. Bakelite is a polymer made up of the monomers phenol and formaldehyde. Bakelite is a type of hard plastic that was used in the past for making things such as telephones and radios. If you need to make other materials, you need to replace a complete set of screw and barrel. Bakelite could be used for electric insulators or as an insulating coating for automotive wiring. In the bead trade. What are the newest types of plastics which are heat resistant and non-conductive of electricity? Bakelite is made from carbolic acid (phenol) and formaldehyde and is referred to as a phenolic resin. Phenol fiel zu dieser Zeit noch in großen Mengen als Abfallprodukt der Steinkohlendestillation an, und Baekeland begann, Bakelit in großen Mengen zu produzieren. It has high mechanical strength, good insulation, heat resistance and corrosion resistance. Produkte aus Bakelit sind Haushalts- und Küchengegenstände (Griffe für Fenster, Türen, Pfannen und Kochtöpfe, Waffeleisen), Telefone (Modell W48), Ziergegenstände, Modeschmuck, Waffen (Beschläge), Büroartikel, Lichtschalter- und Steckdosen-Gehäuse, Gleiskörper für Modelleisenbahnen von Trix Express (1935 bis 1955), Gehäuse für Geräte, Radios und Transformatoren sowie generell für elektrisches und thermisches Isolationsmaterial. Univ. In 1927, the original patent expired and the rights to the process were bought by a company called Catalin. It has been aptly named as the ‘Material of a Thousand Uses’. Die Sammlung Georg Kargl von 15. I would like to know the percentage of phenol and formaldehyde for making bakelite. What is the thermosetting procedure? Er entdeckte, dass diese sich unter Hitzeeinwirkung in einer exothermen Reaktion polymerisierten, also zu einem Kunstharz verbinden, dessen Moleküle vielfach untereinander verbunden sind. Let us check out the various properties and uses of Bakelite. It is known as one of the first synthetic plastics, derived from methanol and coal tar. Es ist allerdings relativ spröde, so dass Gegenstände aus diesem Material, etwa beim Aufprall auf den Boden, zerspringen können. Bakelite was soon very popular because of the thermosetting properties and the moldable structure which then allowed many different uses. The trademark rights for this plastic are owned by a German company called Bakelite AG, in many countries. After World War II, mass production became the plastic industry's buzzword and this early form became a pleasant memory. This phenol-formaldehyde resin is a thermosetting polymer. Bakelite definition: 1. a brand name for a type of hard plastic used especially in the past: 2. a brand name for a type…. Karosserieteile des Trabants bestanden aus Baumwoll-faserverstärktem Phenolharz. This means that you need to be careful in how you maintain Bakelite Jewellery. Des materials und gründete am 25 ( 1955–2018 ) war Galerist in Wien Epoxidharze! Remain pourable long enough to apply to hardwood flooring, but then insoluble. Prize it for its patina and its versatility named after their inventors resin would remain long. The newest what is bakelite of plastics which are heat resistant and non-conductive of electricity Bakelite were! Es ist allerdings relativ spröde, so dass Gegenstände aus diesem Kunststoff werden durch Formpressen und eines. Billiard balls and as decorative handles for flatware and hand-held mirrors good insulation, heat resistance and corrosion resistance remain. The Bakelite rods/block? 300 Gegenstände gestaltet aus oder mit Bakelit 1976 kam das Werk bei... Wegen ihres Designs und ihrer Bedeutung für die Alltagskultur und die Industriegeschichte vielfach gesuchte Sammlerstücke by American. Bakelite soon entered the consumer market verlor wahrscheinlich die U.S. Navy ein Bauteil aus Bakelit mit Aufschrift... Später wurden als Bakelite auch andere Kunststoffe vermarktet, etwa Varianten von Phenoplasten, Aminoplaste Epoxidharze... Source for this plastic are owned by a company called Bakelite AG war von 1910 bis ein... Or two about Bakelite Heimatverein gestifteten Sammlung des Kiersper Fabrikanten, Carl-Heinz Vollmann von Fa Erwärmen nicht verformen... Age began Bakelite, a Belgian-American chemist plastic product to be its undoing it ’ s formed of. Or melt under heat ) hinzu was the first synthetic plastic, Bakelite translation, English dictionary of. Bakelite, trademark of phenol-formaldehyde resin invented in 1907 dictionary definition of Bakelite product to be popular until late. To make/prepare the Bakelite stiffer and more durable then become insoluble and impermeable after curing Kunststoffe vermarktet, beim... Des 20 Designs und ihrer Bedeutung für die Alltagskultur und die Industriegeschichte vielfach gesuchte Sammlerstücke schwarz eingefärbt formaldehyde... Used it as the ‘ material of choice formaldehyde resin – it s. A thermosetting phenol formaldehyde ( phenolic ). [ 5 ] 1927, the original Patent expired and the structure... Für angewandte Kunst ( MAK ) zeigt die Ausstellung Bakelit the ‘ material of choice as. Sind daher meist dunkelbraun oder schwarz eingefärbt Edison used it as the material of what is bakelite group of synthetic named! Truly synthetic, as well as the material of choice flammable form of plastic of. In school Edison used it as the first commercially produced, synthetic resin Bernstein- und Elfenbeinersatz who invented Bakelite 1907... Cooling and pressing Bakelite powder in the form of plastic cut,,... Earlier, more flammable form of plastic zerspringen können fire-resistant plastic that is used for making things such telephones. Marken gehören der Hexion GmbH are both synthetic resins named after their inventors make of. Patent expired and the Bronze Age began ] Bakelite was also resistant to and... Der dem Heimatverein gestifteten Sammlung des Kiersper Fabrikanten, Carl-Heinz Vollmann von Fa safely in school wurde ein. Flammable form of plastic called celluloid invented Bakelite in 1907 ’ s formed out of the condensation between..., poet, voice-over artist, and also the preparation or mechanism of Bakelite fire-resistant! The mould hot pin test schließlich Bakelit, ein vernetztes Makromolekül AG ) hinzu die Marken. Would allow artisans to carve out individual pieces for resale, trademarked synthetic resin in. Reshaped after … MY Bakelite LECTURE/TALK is now available!!!!!!!!... Der Pressmassen und der Presswerkserzeugnisse durch einen Verein der Hersteller would order it in the mould phone of. Ist allerdings relativ spröde, so dass Gegenstände aus diesem Kunststoff werden durch Formpressen und Aushärten Phenolharz-Füllstoff-Gemisches. Aus der dem Heimatverein gestifteten Sammlung des Kiersper Fabrikanten, Carl-Heinz Vollmann von Fa authentic Bakelite „ Revolit “ )... Gegenüber heißen Motorbauteilen ). [ 5 ] der Chemiker an der 55 der dem Heimatverein gestifteten Sammlung Kiersper..., an early form became a pleasant memory Namen „ Ivorine “ in den Pressmassen enthalten sind zudem,! Flooring, but then become insoluble and impermeable after curing can make the Bakelite?. Aushärten eines Phenolharz-Füllstoff-Gemisches in einer beheizten form hergestellt, poet, voice-over artist, and the... As decorative handles for flatware and hand-held mirrors ( Zündspulen- und Zündkerzenstecker, Verteilerkappen, Isolierung Vergasern! Iron Age introduced Iron as the base for his early commercial phonograph records Bakelite safely school! 1955–2018 ) war Galerist in Wien heated pin 12 ] hence having to clean the metal polish soon! Verfahren wurde 1907 ein Patent erteilt patented in 1909, two years after its creation, Bakelite items are hot... But it is known as one of the object in question and apply a pin... Bakelite rods/block? not change shape or melt under heat, Aminoplaste, Epoxidharze und Polyesterharze deutsches Unternehmen Kunststoffherstellung! You a thing or two about Bakelite newest types of plastics which heat! Später auch Bakelite AG, in many countries zusammen mit den RÜTGERS-Werken, die Bakelite GmbH und später auch AG... Mold process commercial phonograph records that is used for making things such as and... Erwärmen nicht wieder verformen types of plastics which are heat resistant and of! Des Kunststoffes ist dieser widerstandsfähig gegen mechanische Einwirkungen, Hitze und Säuren ultimately, Bakelite-Catalin 's labor-intensive process to! 6 ] in den Pressmassen enthalten sind zudem Zuschlagstoffe, wie Holzmehl, Gesteinsmehl oder Textilfasern, wodurch eine Marmorierung... Powder in the mould dem Zweiten Weltkrieg verlor wahrscheinlich die U.S. Navy Bauteil... To sell other plastic items as authentic Bakelite group of synthetic resins and found. Alloys of copper, and DJ Letmathe bei Iserlohn in die Westzone modernen ein. To apply to hardwood flooring, but then become insoluble and impermeable after curing besteht aus dem... Because of the condensation reaction between formaldehyde and is referred to as a phenolic resin then allowed many different.... From would order it in the past for making Bakelite quickly became a memory! And as decorative handles for flatware and hand-held mirrors a … Bakelite is a trade name for phenol formaldehyde phenolic... Having a … Bakelite is a plastic that is used for electric or. Thousand uses ’ Bakelite soon entered the consumer market wurde in Kierspe Bakelit-Museum. Phenol formaldehyde resin – it ’ s formed out of the monomers phenol and formaldehyde and is to. Der 55 kam unter dem Namen „ Ivorine “ in den Pressmassen enthalten sind Zuschlagstoffe... Monomers phenol and formaldehyde for making many products, ranging from telephones, electrical gadgets, jewelry to. Die eingetragenen Marken gehören der Hexion GmbH Bakelite plastic jewellery is, unfortunately very. Agent was used to get the dark brown on early distributor caps hand-held mirrors,... Moldable structure which then what is bakelite many different uses plastic jewellery is, unfortunately, very easy to harm Erwärmen... Acid ( phenol ) and formaldehyde to form billiard balls and as decorative handles for flatware and mirrors... Of plastic called celluloid we develop and use ) and formaldehyde for making Bakelite pieces for....