A Lamiaceae mint plant, Plectranthus amboinicus grows up to Template:Convert tall. The PLANTS Database. Plectranthus amboinicus, once recognized as Coleus amboinicus, is a semi-succulent perennial plant in the family Lamiaceae which includes common herbs such as basil, mint, oregano, sage, rosemary, and thyme with a pungent oregano-like flavor and odor. can also be used to flavour meat dishes, especially beef, lamb and game. English: country borage; Cuban oregano; French thyme; Indian mint; Mexican mint; soup mint; Spanish thyme Botany Suganda is an erect, spreading, branched, rather coarse, strongly aromatic, green herb, with fleshy stems. 0.7 mm long, 0.5 mm wide. http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/, Humbert H, 1951. http://tropicos.org/NameSearch.aspx?projectid=13, Broome R, Sabir K, Carrington S, 2007. Data source for updated system data added to species habitat list. Flora Mesoamericana., St. Louis, Missouri, USA: Missouri Botanical Garden. With common names that include Mexican mint, Spanish thyme, and Indian borage, Cuban oregano leaves many gardeners wondering exactly what it is when they encounter it at a garden center. Plant common names… not so much. It can tolerate a range of soil conditions, shade, and moisture (Whistler, 2000). The Lamiacae, or mint family, is a family of herbs, shrubs, and trees comprising about 200 genera and 3200 species, many with a long history of medicinal and food use (University of Hawaii, 2014). For many years, the genus and species of this plant was Coleus blumei. Meyer JY, 2000. Old stems are smooth (glabrescent). Bird common names are highly regulated. National list of invasive and potentially invasive plants in the Republic of Cuba - 2011. Plectranthus species are also used for dry season fodder (Lukhoba et al., 2006). http://www.forgottenbooks.org/books/Botanical_Publications_of_E_D_Merrill_1000888541. P. amboinicus is widely cultivated as a medicinal plant, potherb, ornamental, and condiment in tropical regions around the world. The aromatic leaves are used as a food additive or spice, flavouring meat, soups, fish, and local beer (Hanelt et al., 2001; Wyk, 2005). The species is now widely cultivated for culinary and medicinal uses in tropical regions including Australia, South America and the West Indies (Wyk, 2005). Coleus amboinicus Lour. P. amboinicus is cultivated in gardens and commercial agricultural settings. Indian borage; Other Scientific Names. Plectranthus: a review of ethnobotanical uses. It is considered a common weed in South Africa (Roux, 2003). Flowers are … In the USA, the species occurs as a perennial shrub (USDA-NRCS, 2014). St. Louis, Missouri, USA: Missouri Botanical Garden. Preferred Common Name. http://ecflora.cavehill.uwi.edu/index.html, Flora Mesoamericana, 2014. Wallingford, UK: CABI, CABI, Undated a. CABI Compendium: Status inferred from regional distribution. Plectranthus amboinicus (Lour.) http://www.cabi.org/isc/FullTextPDF/2013/20133109119.pdf. P. amboinicus contains limonene, linalool, myrcene and thymol as well as amorphene and cubebene, which may have antimicrobial activity (Lukhoba et al., 2006). Other common names: Cuban oregano, Spanish/French thyme, Indian borage, Indian mint, country borage It’s origin is unknown, but it is likely native to India or Africa. The plant is sometimes prostrate at base, with the branchlets rising Show All Show Tabs Mexican mint General Information; Symbol: PLAM2 ... Scientific Name; COAM5: Coleus amboinicus Lour. http://ecflora.cavehill.uwi.edu/index.html, CABI, Undated. Portland, Oregon, USA: Timber Press. Washington, DC, USA: Smithsonian Institution. In Singapore, it is best grown in semi-shade, but it can be grown in full sun in temperate climates. Generate a print friendly version containing only the sections you need. Plectranthus amboinicus, Coleus aromaticus - Cuban Oregano Polska wersja PLANT PROFILE The plant that You can see on photos here is a herb that have many names. The type specimen of the species was collected in Amboina, Moluccas, resulting in its species name amboinicus (Roux, 2003). Spreng; Synonyms : Coleus amboinicus Lour. tall. Tropicos database., St. Louis, Missouri, USA: Missouri Botanical Garden. It is large succulent aromatic perennial herb, shrubby below, hispidly villous or tomentose. Plectranthus amboinicus (Lour) Spreng belongs to family Lamiaceae, known as country borage in English. Merrill ED, 1923. http://www.nhbs.com/title/79635/flore-de-m, Lukhoba C W, Simmonds M S J, Paton A J, 2006. It is considered a common weed in South Africa (Roux, 2003). Portland, OR, USA: Timber Press, 480 pp. London, UK: Cassell. Its most popular latin name is Plectranthus amboinicus, but this name is also used commonly, mistakenly for closely related species Plectranthus tomentosa, Plectrantus cremnus and their many hybrids. pink, 8-12 mm long - the upper lip is up to 4.5 x 3 mm, erect, the lower Its most popular latin name is Plectranthus amboinicus, but this name is also used commonly, mistakenly for closely related species Plectranthus tomentosa, Plectrantus cremnus and their many hybrids. Description: Plectranthus amboinicus (sometimes misspelled amboinensis) is a succulent plant in the family Lamiaceae, possessing short soft erect hairs, with an agreeable and refreshing oregano-like flavour and odour. http://floradobrasil.jbrj.gov.br/2012/. (2010). Manila, Philippines: Bureau of Printing. Habit: It is a mound-forming succulent subshrubs, shrubby at the base, much branched up to 150 (or more)cm in diameter and 30-90 cm tall if left untrimmed. Coleus aromaticus (Roxb.) Plants of the Eastern Caribbean. http://botany.si.edu/Antilles/WestIndies/catalog.htm, Bolivia Checklist, 2014. It is widely cultivated around the world for use in food and medicine, and has been known to escape from cultivation (Randall, 2012) into ecosystems where it will compete with native flora by forming dense carpets (PIER, 2014). Description. The origin of Cuban Oregano is unknown - it is widely Sprawling and somewhat succulent aromatic herb to 1 m high, sometimes subligneous and prostrate at base, the branchlets ascending, densely spreading-hirsute. Beltsville, Maryland, USA: National Germplasm Resources Laboratory. Catalogue of the Vascular Plants of Bolivia, Tropicos website., St. Louis, Missouri; Cambridge, Massachusetts, USA: Missouri Botanical Garden and Harvard University Herbaria. Flora of the Marquesas Islands website., Washington DC, USA: Smithsonian Institution. This plant is nicknamed “amboinicus” from Ambon, an island where a botanist lives, his name is … It competes with native flora by forming dense thickets (PIER, 2014) and can regenerate both vegetatively and by seed (Whistler, 2000; Wagner and Lorence, 2014). 1192 pp. World Checklist of Lamiaceae., Richmond, London, UK: Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Botanical name: Coleus amboinicus Family: Lamiaceae (Mint family) Synonyms: Plectranthus amboinicus, Coleus aromaticus, Plectranthus aromaticus. P. amboinicus has spread to most tropical parts of the world through intentional human introduction for cultivation. Stearns dictionary of plant names for gardeners: A handbok on the origin and meaning of the botanical names of some cultivated plants. Flower stalks are slender, up to 5 mm long. There are no pictures available for this datasheet, http://botany.si.edu/Antilles/WestIndies/catalog.htm, http://tropicos.org/NameSearch.aspx?projectid=13, http://ecflora.cavehill.uwi.edu/index.html, http://www.nhbs.com/title/79635/flore-de-madagascar-et-des-comores-fam-175, http://www.forgottenbooks.org/books/Botanical_Publications_of_E_D_Merrill_1000888541, http://www.cabi.org/isc/FullTextPDF/2013/20133109119.pdf, http://www.botany.hawaii.edu/faculty/carr/lami.htm, https://npgsweb.ars-grin.gov/gringlobal/taxon/taxonomysearch.aspx, http://botany.si.edu/pacificislandbiodiversity/marquesasflora/index.htm, http://www.nhbs.com/title/79635/flore-de-m, https://npgsweb.ars-grin.gov/gringlobal/taxon/taxonomysimple.aspx, http://botany.si.edu/antilles/WestIndies/catalog.htm, http://botany.si.edu/pacificislandbiodiversity/marquesasflora/, Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 3.0 Unported License, Protected agriculture (e.g. Let’s start with what it is not. One or more of the features that are needed to show you the maps functionality are not available in the web browser that you are using. The species epithet “amboinicus” is derived from Ambon, an island in the East Indies where Rumphius, a well-known botanist, is from. Foto n. 122665 - kryddkarlbergare (Plectranthus amboinicus) Flowers and leaves at Enchanting Floral Gardens of Kula, Maui - Credit: Forest and Kim Starr - Plants of Hawaii - Image licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 License, permitting sharing and adaptation with attribution. - Labiatae)., Paris, France: Museum National d'Histoire Naturelle . Acevedo-Rodríguez P, Strong M T, 2012. Plectranthus: a review of ethnobotanical uses. St. Louis, Missouri, USA: Missouri Botanical Garden. Hanelt P; Buttner R; Mansfeld R, 2001. Compendium record. Spreng. PIER, 2014. In Brazil, the species is often grown in subsistence agriculture (Wyk, 2005). - Labiatae [Lamiaceae]. Filaments of stamens are mostly fused into Common Name: Country Borage. The Indian Borage plant has the name “Plectranthus” which comes from the Greek “plectron”, meaning spur, and “Anthos”, meaning flower, this refers to a flower that is shaped like a nail. http://botany.si.edu/pacificislandbiodiversity/marquesasflora/index.htm, Marianne Jennifer Datiles, Department of Botany-Smithsonian NMNH, Washington DC, USA, Pedro Acevedo-Rodríguez, Department of Botany-Smithsonian NMNH, Washington DC, USA. The leaves are also eaten as a vegetable, as well as for washing clothes, hair, and laundry due to its fragrance (Whistler, 2000; Wyk, 2005; Lukhoba et al., 2006). Spreng. Common names: African thyme, French thyme, country borage, Indian borage, Indian mint, broad-leaf thyme, soup mint (Eng. Humbert H, 1951. Plectranthus amboinicus (Lour.) According to Roux (2003), it occurs naturally in Africa from Kenya southwards to Angola in the west and, in the east, to Mozambique, Swaziland and northern Natal. http://www.botany.hawaii.edu/faculty/carr/lami.htm. Contributions from the United States National Herbarium, 584 pp. Spreng. Labiatae (South Australia) Lamiaceae (Queensland, New South Wales, the ACT, Victoria, Tasmania, Western Australia and the Northern Territory) Flowers are pale blue or mauve to P. amboinicus is distinguishable by its square-shaped stem, opposite leaves, strong and pleasant fragrance, and pale blue-to-pink two-lipped flowers (Whistler, 2000). Plectranthus amboinicus (Lour.) Family 175- Labiatae). This family includes some of the most well-known herbs containing essential oils including lavender, sage, basil, mint and oregano. http://plants.usda.gov/, Wagner WL; Lorence DH, 2014. A Global Compendium of Weeds., Perth, Australia: Department of Agriculture and Food Western Australia. Kew World Checklist of Selected Plant Families, Highly adaptable to different environments, Tolerates, or benefits from, cultivation, browsing pressure, mutilation, fire etc, Has propagules that can remain viable for more than one year, Highly likely to be transported internationally deliberately. Benth. Honolulu, USA: University of Hawaii. Plectranthus aromaticus Roxb. Journal of Ethnopharmacology. Wallingford, UK: CABI, Flora Mesoamericana, 2014. Stearn WT, 1992. Department of Botany Vascular Plant Family Access Page: Lamiaceae (Labiatae). Flora of Madagascar and the Comoros. Leaves have stalks densely velvety, like most mint family plants. Plectranthus amboinicus (Lour.) Leaves petiolate with blades fleshy, broadly ovate to suborbicular, rhombic, or reniform, 4-10 cm long, 3-9 cm wide, rounded to truncate and then often long-attenuate at base, obtuse to rounded at apex, coarsely crenate to dentate at margins or entire toward base, densely appressed-pubescent above and beneath; petiole 1-4.5 cm long. Although it is known to be cultivated in South America, the species was not included in Funk et al.’s (2007) work on the Guiana Shield or the Brazilian flora of Forzza et al. The species reproduces both by seeds and vegetatively (Wagner and Lorence, 2014) and forms dense carpets in shaded dry forest (PIER, 2014). Common Name : Cuban Oregano, Indian Borage, Indian Mint, Mexican Mint Plant Family : Lamiaceae (Labiatae) Plant Form : Succulents Occurrence (Special Areas) : Indroda Park About Plectranthus amboinicus Plant : Habit : A sprawling, perennial and succulent herb with short hairs and fleshy stems. The margins are coarsely crenate to dentate-crenate except in the base. From there it went to Solenostemon scutellarioides, but recently the … The Many Health Benefits of Panikoorka. Plectranthus amboinicus is a sprawling and somewhat succulent herb, growing to 1 m tall. Family 175. Plectranthus species are also used for dry season fodder (Lukhoba et al., 2006), which might also result in further spread. margin or entire toward base. It is a widely used Ayurvedic herb and commonly known as Indian mint or Parnayavani. It is also considered as a diuretic herbal agent and its leaves have a pungent taste and a pleasant odour. Cuban Oregano is a sprawling and somewhat succulent herb, growing to 1 m The risk of introduction for this species is likely to remain high due to its continued popularity as a cultivated culinary and medicinal herb. Paris, France: Imprimerie officielle; Muse´um national d'histoire naturelle. The largest and probably the best known of the Plectranthus group is the plant we commonly call coleus. Online Database. Flora Mesoamericana. Online database. http://www.hear.org/pier/index.html, Randall RP, 2012. International Common Names. Pacific Islands Ecosystems at Risk. In: Sherley G, tech. The risk of introduction for this species is likely to remain high due to its continued popularity as a cultivated culinary and medicinal herb. A plant with many names, Plectranthus amboinicus is commonly called Cuban Oregano and also bears the monikers Mexican Mint, Indian Borage and Caribbean Oregano. They are thickly stu… Risk of introduction for P. amboinicus is high, as the species is listed in the Global Compendium of Weeds as weedy and an environmental weed (Randall, 2012), and is known to be invasive outside of its native range including Cuba (Oviedo Prieto et al., 2012) and the Pacific Islands (PIER, 2014). Perth, Australia: Department of Agriculture and Food Western Australia, 1124 pp. Flora of the Marquesas Islands website. The plant is sometimes prostrate at base, with the branchlets rising up, densely hairy. Common Name: Cuban Oregano Family: Lamiaceae Lindl. Catalogue of the Seed Plants of the West Indies. A plant with many names, Plectranthus amboinicus is commonly called Cuban oregano and also bears the monikers Mexican mint, Indian borage and Caribbean oregano. Govaerts R, 2014. Scientific Classification. The species is also used in magico-religious rituals to ward off spirits, as a food additive, vegetable, insect repellant, and for its essential oils (Hanelt et al., 2001; Lukhoba et al., 2006). Synonyms. Cuban oregano isn’t actually oregano, or even mint, thyme, or borage. USDA-ARS, 2014. Beltsville, Maryland, USA: National Germplasm Resources Laboratory. Spreng. Greensboro, North Carolina, USA: National Plant Data Team. velvety spikes, 10-20 cm long. CABI is a registered EU trademark. P. amboinicus is known to be invasive in the Virgin Islands, Cuba, and various parts of the Pacific (see Distribution Table), and has a negative impact on ecosystems it has invaded. DOI:10.1016/j.jep.2005.09.011. It was growing in the Virgin Islands by 1881, Puerto Rico by 1886, Guadeloupe by 1892, Jamaica by 1897, and Cuba by 1912 (Smithsonian Herbarium collections). The PLANTS Database. An enumeration of Philippine flowering plants [reprint]. South Pacific Regional Environment Programme, Samoa. How to Grow Plectranthus Amboinicus. Cape Town, South Africa: South African National Biodiversity Institute, Compton Herbarium. Panikoorka, or Plectranthus amboinicus, is a popular remedy used in South Indian states to treat coughs and colds in children.The plant is known for its numerous therapeutic benefits, and is particularly popular in Kerala. Mansfeld's Encyclopedia of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops (except Ornamentals). It is used medicinally in Brazil for the treatment of skin ulcerations caused by Leishmania braziliensis, in Malaysia to treat burns and as a poultice for centipedes and scorpion bites, and in India, the juice of the leaves is used to treat skin allergies (Lukhoba et al., 2006). > 0°C, dry winters), Widely cultivated in home gardens and commercially for culinary, medicinal, and ornamental use, Used medicinally in Africa, Asia, Pacific and Americas, Catalogue of Seed Plants of the West Indies, GISD/IASPMR: Invasive Alien Species Pathway Management Resource and DAISIE European Invasive Alien Species Gateway. Preliminary review of the invasive plants in the Pacific islands (SPREP Member Countries). https://npgsweb.ars-grin.gov/gringlobal/taxon/taxonomysearch.aspx, USDA-NRCS, 2014. Leaf blade is fleshy, broadly ovate to circular, Flowers Photograph by: Arun KumarN. Plectranthus amboinicus (Lour.) Famille 175. It is shade tolerant (PIER, 2014). Baton Rouge, LA 70874-4490 USA. St. Louis, Missouri and Cambridge, Massachusetts, USA: Missouri Botanical Garden and Harvard University Herbaria. http://www.cabi.org/isc/FullTextPDF/2013/20133109119.pdf. Typically growing to 60–75 cm (24–30 in) tall and wide, it is a bushy, woody-based evergreen perennial, widely grown for the highly decorative variegated leaves found in cultivated varieties. Flora of South Africa. Preferred Scientific Name. Leaves are Template:Convert by Template:Convert, fleshy, undivided (simple), broad, egg/oval-shaped with a tapering tip (ovate). Leaves are fleshy, broadly ovate, 4 to 9 centimeters long, often heart-shaped, and somewhat hairy, with rounded toothed margins, with the tip and base decurrent. Pacific Islands Ecosystems at Risk., Honolulu, USA: HEAR, University of Hawaii. Washington DC, USA: Smithsonian Institution. Fruit nutlets smooth, pale brown, ca. It has also been recorded growing on roadsides (PIER, 2014) and can escape or become naturalized in disturbed places (Whistler, 2000). [Wagner and Lorence, 2014]. Plectranthus is a large genus of plants native to areas in the Southern Hemisphere containing approximately 350 species. Urban I, 1898-1928. Germplasm Resources Information Network (GRIN). http://botany.si.edu/Antilles/WestIndies/catalog.htm, Bolivia Checklist, 2014. P. amboinicus is of unknown origin but possibly Africa and India (Wagner and Lorence, 2014), and it has since been distributed and cultivated pantropically. Missouri Botanical Garden, 2014. Leaves have stalks 1-4.5 cm long, densely velvety, like Common Names. Catalogue of the Seed Plants of the West Indies. Further research is recommended on control of the species. The Plectranthus genus is characterized by both annual and perennial plants, many of which are used for food, ornamental, and medical purposes. An enumeration of Philippine flowering plants. The plant is sometimes prostrate at base, with the branchlets rising up, densely hairy. glasshouse production), Tropical monsoon climate ( < 60mm precipitation driest month but > (100 - [total annual precipitation(mm}/25])), As - Tropical savanna climate with dry summer, < 60mm precipitation driest month (in summer) and < (100 - [total annual precipitation{mm}/25]), Aw - Tropical wet and dry savanna climate, < 60mm precipitation driest month (in winter) and < (100 - [total annual precipitation{mm}/25]), Cw - Warm temperate climate with dry winter, Warm temperate climate with dry winter (Warm average temp. http://www.tropicos.org/, PIER, 2014. Bissea: Boletín sobre Conservación de Plantas del Jardín Botánico Nacional de Cuba, 6(Special Issue 1):22-96. P. amboinicus is possibly native to tropical Africa and is widely cultivated in tropical regions around the world (USDA-ARS, 2014; Wagner and Lorence, 2014). Flowers are borne in 10-20-flowered, densely List of species of the Flora of Brazil (Lista de espécies Flora do Brasil). Baton Rouge, USA: National Plant Data Center. The species P. amboinicus was originally classified under the genus Coleus by Loureiro in 1790 but was moved to the Plectranthus genus by Sprengel in 1825, although both names are sometimes seen in the literature today. cultivated world-wide. The parent species Plectranthus amboinicus is from southeastern Africa. Acevedo-Rodríguez P; Strong MT, 2012. Its name derives from the Greek words ‘plectron’, meaning ‘spur’, and ‘anthos’, meaning ‘flower’, in reference to the spur-shaped flowers of some members of the genus (Stearn, 1992). Lukhoba CW; Simmonds MSJ; Paton AJ, 2006. – Mexican mint. Leaf blade is fleshy, broadly ovate to circular, rhombic, coarsely toothed at margin or entire toward base. Whistler WA, 2000. The species was present in the West Indies by the late nineteenth century. Accidental introduction to the wild has also occurred; the species can regenerate by both seeds and vegetative fragments, and is known to be a cultivation escape (PIER, 2014). This evergreen perennial works well in mixed beds and mass plantings and as a ground-cover. The origin of P. amboinicus is thought to be tropical Africa, from whence it was introduced into India and then various parts of Asia by early explorers (Hanelt et al., 2001; Roux, 2003; Wyk, 2005; USDA-ARS, 2014; Wagner and Lorence, 2014).). 103 (1), 1-24. http://www.nhbs.com/title/79635/flore-de-madagascar-et-des-comores-fam-175. More information about modern web browsers can be found at http://browsehappy.com/. Wyk BEvan, 2005. https://plants.sc.egov.usda.gov, Wagner WL, Lorence DH, 2014. Variegated form Photograph by: Mokkie. Other are Coleus aromaticus, Coleus amboinicus, and Plectranthus aromaticus. Spreng. Richmond, London, UK: Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Germplasm Resources Information Network (GRIN). Roux JP, 2003. Online Database. University of Hawaii, 2014. most mint family plants. up, densely hairy. The species can regenerate vegetatively as well as by seeds (Wagner and Lorence, 2014). excellent addition to stuffings for meat and poultry. Funk V; Hollowell T; Berry P; Kelloff C; Alexander SN, 2007. Common names for Plectranthus amboinicus: Barbados Thyme, Country Borage, Cuban Oregano, Five Seasons Herb, French Thyme, Indian Mint, Jamaican Thyme, Mexican Oregano, Soup Mint, Spanish Thyme, Plectranthus amboinicus is included in the following B and T … http://tropicos.org/NameSearch.aspx?projectid=13, Broome R; Sabir K; Carrington S, 2007. In Africa it is found at low altitudes in woodland or coastal bush, on rocky slopes and loamy or sandy flats (Roux, 2003). Manila, Philippines: Bureau of Printing. Because of the lack of clear-cut morphological criteria to discriminate not only among species within the Plectranthus genus but also among the closely related genera, numerous taxonomic problems in the naming of species have resulted in misplacement of species in several closely related genera like Coleus, Solenostemon and Englerastrum (Lukhoba et al., 2006). Cuban Oregano is a sprawling and somewhat succulent herb, growing to 1 m tall. Flora of South Africa., Cape Town, South Africa: South African National Biodiversity Institute, Compton Herbarium. Country of Origin: Kenya to S. Africa, Arabian Pen., India Description: Plectranthus amboinicus is a large succulent herb, fleshy and highly aromatic, much branched, possessing short soft erect hairs, with distinctive smelling leaves. Leaves Photograph by: Mokkie. http://www.tropicos.org/Project/FM, Govaerts R, 2014. The stem is fleshy, about Template:Convert, either with long rigid hairs (hispidly villous) or densely covered with soft, short and erect hairs (tomentose). Leaves Photograph by: Mokkie. (Lista nacional de especies de plantas invasoras y potencialmente invasoras en la República de Cuba - 2011). The genus name “Plectranthus” is a combination of 2 Greek words that mean “spur” (plectron) and “flower” (anthos). Food plants of the world: An illustrated guide. It is known to grow in rocky, loamy or sandy soil (Roux, 2003). ... Scientific Name and Common Name; Kingdom: Plantae – Plants Subkingdom: Tracheobionta – … The leaves are strongly flavoured and make an (Flore de Madagascar et des Comores. We then synthesized 2-alkylidenyl-4-cyclopentene-1,3-diones as the designed biomimetics of thymoquinone, and found that compounds 8a, 8b and 8d were more potent TNF-α inhibitors http://www.tropicos.org/Project/FM, Forzza R, 2010. Oviedo Prieto R; Herrera Oliver P; Caluff MG, et al. Botanical Name : Plectranthus amboinicus (Lour.) Sepal cup is bell-shaped, 1.5-4 mm long. lip up to 5-6 x 4 mm, concave. http://www.tropicos.org/. ); Afrika-tiemie, krui-spoorsalie (Afr.) rhombic, or kidney-shaped, 4-10 cm long, 3-9 cm broad, coarsely toothed at P. amboinicus is an aromatic herb listed in the Global Compendium of Weeds (Randall, 2012) as “cultivation escape, environmental weed, naturalised, weed” and is known to be invasive outside of its native range including Cuba (Oviedo Prieto et al., 2012) and the Pacific Islands (PIER, 2014). http://plants.usda.gov. Berolini, Germany: Fratres Borntraeger. Among the several medicinal plants used in Ayurveda, Plectranthus amboinicus is known to possess anti-microbial, anti-oxidant and anti-epileptic properties. Wallingford, UK: CABI, CABI, Undated b. CABI Compendium: Status as determined by CABI editor. a tube around style. It has been widely cultivated and naturalized in the Indo-Malesian region and other tropical regions around the world, as demonstrated by some of its common names including Mexican Mint, Cuban Oregano, Spanish Thyme, and French Thyme (USDA-ARS, 2014). Detailed coverage of invasive species threatening livelihoods and the environment worldwide. In Bolivia the species is cultivated in semideciduous forest (Bolivia Checklist, 2014). World Checklist of Lamiaceae. Merrill E D, 1923. Family 175- Labiatae (Flora of Madagascar and the Comoros. Hymoquinone (5) was further identified as a nonpolar ingredient from the hexane extract of P. amboinicus to suppress the expression of lipopolysaccharide-induced tumor necrosis factor-alpha (TNF-α). Tropicos database. USDA-ARS, 2014. Plants of the Eastern Caribbean., Barbados: University of the West Indies. Symbolae Antillanae: Seu fundamenta florae Indiae Occidentalis. This species has many vernacular names, most of them inaccurately associating P. amboinicus as a mint, thyme, or oregano. http://botany.si.edu/pacificislandbiodiversity/marquesasflora/index.htm. Honolulu, USA: HEAR, University of Hawaii. Plants in the Plectranthus genus are closely related to mint as they are part of the same family—the Lamiaceae family. Journal of Ethnopharmacology, 103(1):1-24. Barbados: University of the West Indies. 1124 pp. Missouri Botanical Garden, 2014. © Copyright 2020 CAB International. Since it is a popular and widely used herb, it may continue to escape cultivation and invade native ecosystems. Berlin, Germany: Springer. P. amboinicus occurs at low altitudes; in Mesoamerica the species grows from 0 to 800 m and in Bolivia it has been recorded at 0-500 m (Roux, 2003; Bolivia Checklist, 2014; Flora Mesoamericana, 2014). ed. View other plants in this family QR code link View other plants in this genus The species is tolerant of some shade (PIER, 2014), preferring fertile, well-drained soils in partially shaded areas (Whistler, 2000). http://www.hear.org/pier/index.html, Randall RP, 2012. When several references are cited, they may give conflicting information on the status. http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/. The herb is used as a folk remedy for burns and bites, internally as a carminative and antiasthma, and applied externally as an insect repellant, and is also often grown as an ornamental plant for its attractive leaves and flowers (Whistler, 2000; Hanelt et al., 2001). Invasive species in the Pacific: a technical review and draft regional strategy. Checklist of the plants of the Guiana Shield (Venezuela: Amazonas, Bolivar, Delta Amacuro; Guyana, Surinam, French Guiana). Plectranthus is a paleotropical genus comprising around 300 species of annual or perennial herbs or subshrubs, often succulent (Wagner and Lorence, 2014). Associated Fauna: The flowers are pollinated by bees and butterflies, Cultivation: Plectranthus amboinicus 'Variegatus' is easy-to-grow and handles hot weather well. Finely chopped, they I see the reason for the confusion! Plectranthus amboinicus is an attractive, evergreen, perennial plant up to 3.3 feet (1 m) tall, with... Hardiness. Ornamentals )., paris, France: Imprimerie officielle ; Muse´um National d'histoire naturelle plants! Somewhat succulent aromatic perennial herb, growing to 1 m tall MG, et al for! Fleshy, broadly ovate to circular, rhombic, coarsely toothed at margin or entire toward base ;! And a pleasant odour AJ, 2006 at margin or entire toward base and species of the Eastern Caribbean. Barbados! Be grown in subsistence Agriculture ( Wyk, 2005 ).,,... 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